This study examines the relationship between thedissolution of a marital or cohabitating relationship andsubsequent depression among Canadians aged 20 to 64. Data are from the longitudinal component of the National Population Health Survey (1994/1995 through 2004/2005) and include the household population only. Cross-tabulations were used to examine the association of marital dissolution with change in household income, social support, presence and number of children in the household and employment status over a two-year period. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine associations between marital dissolution and depression over a two-year period among those who had not beendepressed two years earlier, while controlling for thesechanges. To maximize sample size, pooling of repeatedobservations was used. For both sexes, dissolution of a marriage or co-habiting relationship was associated with higher odds of a new episode of depression, compared with those who remained with a spouse over the two-year period. When the influences of possible confounders were considered, the association between a break-up and depression wasweakened, but persisted. Marital dissolution was morestrongly associated with depression among men thanamong women. (Author abstract).
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Marital Breakdown and Subsequent Depression.